Boreal Forests

Boreal Forests is typically a Taiga. taiga is a word meaning "swampy moist forest" Which it is basically.This type of Biome covers most part of Canada, Alaska, and Eurasia(especially Russia). This biome is mainly made up the trees that inhabit it such as spurces, pines, and fur. One type of Dominant tree in this biome are Needleleaf, which are coniferous (gymnosperm) trees. But there is little diversity when it comes to the main trees. But the trees that are there have adapted to the cold and harsh conditions of the Boreal Forests. On the other hand the main predator in this biome would be in the weasel family; such as the lynx (Felis lynx). There are many large herbivores that roam in this biome, like elk, the red deer, or moose. All with thick furs; due to the cold climate and short winters. This biome is sensitive to varying changes in environment. With this cold and wet climate, this biome is a world of green.

Geographic Regions and Abiotic factor:
These biomes are found in a broad continuous stretch across North America and Eurasia; there is no zone in the Southern Hemisphere that is even comparable due to its close proximity to the equator. This biome is stubbornly cold, with summers lasting less than 3 months and also being relatively cool. Winters in the boreal forests are long and unforgiving, with temperatures below freezing for up to six months. Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming only has an average temperature of 1 degrees C. Now during the summers the plant growth is explosive; this is because of the cool temperatures that allow moist, long days for our little green friends to thrive. The actual precipitation varies considerably; from about 20cm per year to 200 cm. The reason that this type of biome is found only in the Northern Hemisphere is because it is the only place that will allow its existence; in the Southern Hemisphere or anywhere with a summer that lasts more than three months, the temperature is just too high for this type of biome to form anywhere else.

fsd.jpg aurora-borealis-sunrise_7296.jpg page10.jpg
The Boreal Forests in the middle of another The Taiga during the crisp morning . A huge biotic factor; the Moose, which weighs
cold, harsh winter. between 900-1200 Ibs.

Flora:
Most floras found in boreal forests are commonly native, like the Pink Lady Slipper (Orchid), Cypripedium acaule, the Showy Lady Slipper, Cypripedium reginae and Fireweed, Epilobium angustifolium. The Cypripedium acaule and Cypripedium reginae habitats is to be in shaded area, dry or wet places, growing and reproduce by the help of fungus providing nutrition to their seeds and need acidic soil to grow which, the boreal forest provides that type of soil and places for them to survive and reproduce. The Epilobium angustifolium, found in Canada, also need to grow on acidic soil and moist area. Pin Cherry (fruit), Prunus pensylvanica, is a type of cherry or berry species that lived and grow in boreal forests. Their adaption to live in boreal forest is the soil, light and the hot weather support their seeds to grow and survive calmly (and they are foods to the fauna that lived there).

1181927755pink_lady_slipper-30001-A.jpg
These are the Pink Lady Slippers found in Boreal forests. Their habitats are to grow from acidic soil and have shelter for growth.

external image moz-screenshot.png
Fireweed.jpg
These are the Fireweed, Epilobium angustifolium, that are found in Canada boreal forests and as well as other boreal forests. Their habitat are to be in wet area and needed acidic soil to grow.


Fauna:
There are variety of distinct animal species dwelling on the Boreal Forest. One type of animal that soar through the sky in the Boreal Forest are the Bald Eagles. They have long, sharp talons in order to catch fish's, or their prey. These Eagles have vision that is utterly stronger than any human, this type of adaptation is for them to search for their target and they are able to dive 60-100 miles per hour. Another type of species on this habitat would be these Beavers. They like to live on ponds, lakes, river, marshes, and streams. Beavers are productively searching for food and trees to built dams. They avoid predators by staying in the water very often, and with their adaptation's to survive in the environment is their large webbed feet that give them the function to swim very fast. These Beavers have sharp teeth called incisors, it is used for gnawing on trees and branches. Beavers eat bark and leaves from the trees, one of there favorite trees to eat are aspens.
Bald Eagle breed in North America
Bald Eagle breed in North America




Works Cited:
Critchfield, Howard J. "Taiga (climate)." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online, 2010. Web. 1 Nov. 2010. http://go.grolier.com/
McGhan, Patricia J. Ruta. "Plant of the Week Pink ladies slipper (Cypripedium acaule Ait.)." US Forest Service (2010): 1. Web. 12 Nov 2010. http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/plant-of-the-week/cypripedium_acaule.shtml
Rob Nelson. The Taiga. Explore biodiveristy and the wild classroom. 2003. 8 November 2010.http://www.thewildclassroom.com/biomes/taiga.html
Taiga or Boreal Forests. Radfor. SLW, October 1996. 8 November 2010. http://www.radford.edu/~swoodwar/CLASSES/GEOG235/biomes/taiga/taiga.html
The Taiga or Boreal Forests. Marietta. 8 November 2010.http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/boreal.htm
The Wilderness Classroom Organization 2002. 11 November 2010. http://www.wildernessclassroom.com/www/schoolhouse/boreal_library/index.htm